January 2017

Effects of Mfecane on Southern and Central Africa

By |2022-09-15T12:36:57+02:00January 31st, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Zulu people in traditional warrior dress. Image credit wordpress.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Crisis in Nguniland: Effects of Mfecane on Southern and Central Africa

The effects of Mfecane can be grouped into positive and negative effects

Positive Effects

  • The Mfecane led to the creation of strong centralised new states that is, the Zulu […]

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Zwide and Dingiswayo

By |2022-09-15T12:37:04+02:00January 27th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A dance in honour of King Dingiswayo. Image credit dailysun.co.za

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Crisis in Nguniland: Zwide versus Dingiswayo

  • Dingiswayo(circa 1780-1817) was born Godongwana
  • He staged a failed coup against his father who was the king of the Mthethwa
  • He fled and adopted the name Dingiswayo which means wanderer
  • He came back […]

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Sobhuza versus Zwide

By |2022-09-15T12:37:05+02:00January 27th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Nguni apparel. Image credit BBC

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Crisis in Nguniland: Sobhuza versus Zwide

  • Zwide Kalanga (1758-1825) was the king of the Ndwandwe/Nxumalo nation circa 1805 to circa 1820
  • Around the time Zwide was king the Ndwandwe were a growing military power
  • Zidwe was an ambitious leader keen on expanding […]

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Causes of Mfecane/Difaqane

By |2022-09-15T12:37:05+02:00January 27th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Zulu soldiers at a village kraal. Image credit MediaWiki

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Crisis in Nguniland: The Mfecane

  • Rapid population growth resulted on competition for land which was needed for agricultural, grazing and residential purposes
  • This led to over-cultivation of soils and later soil erosion
  • Bigger and powerful states like the […]

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The Mfecane

By |2022-09-15T12:37:06+02:00January 26th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

The Zulu Army modern reenactment. Image credit britishempire.co.uk

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Crisis in Nguniland: The Mfecane

  • It means a time of crushing
  • It was also given a Sesotho name called Difaqane or Lifaqane
  • It was a time of widespread warfare and disorder indigenous groups in Southern Africa from about 1815 […]

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Crisis in Nguniland: Introduction

By |2022-09-15T12:37:06+02:00January 26th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A Zulu regiment in a film. Image credit pininterest.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Crisis in Nguniland: Introduction

  • The group of Bantu speaking people who lived in the Southern-Eastern region of Southern Africa were called the Nguni
  • Nguniland was divided into three groups namely, the Zulu or Northern Kingdom, Xhosa and the […]

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