January 2023

The city of Gweru

By |2022-09-15T12:37:19+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

The city of Gweru. Image credit vevesworld.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements: The city of Gweru

  • Gweru is an administrative capital of the Midlands region.
  • It has a male population of 776 787 and a female population of 838 154 which results in a total population of 1 614 941 […]

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Factors that affect the Spheres of influence

By |2022-09-15T12:37:13+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

The city of Harare has the largest sphere of influence. Image credit

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements:Factors that affect  the Spheres of influence

  • The most important factor in determining the sphere of influence of a settlement is it’s size
  • Products and services can also be used to determine a settlement’s […]

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Factors influencing the siting and location of settlements

By |2022-09-15T12:41:07+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A village of a hill image credit audleytravel.com

A village of a hill image credit audleytravel.com ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Population and Settlement:Factors influencing the siting and location of settlements
  • Several factors influence the location of settlements
  • These can be divided into four:
  • historical factors
  • accessibility
  • availability of resources; and
  • human preferences and available technology

Historical […]


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Classification of settlements

By |2022-09-15T12:41:05+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A typical Zimbabwean rural homestead. Image credit lawhub.co.zw

A typical Zimbabwean rural homestead. Image credit lawhub.co.zw ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements: Classification of settlements
  • Settlements are generally classified as either rural or urban.
  • Rural settlements are those settlements where mostly primary activities occur.
  • The majority of settlers in rural areas carry out […]

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Rural Settlements in Zimbabwe

By |2022-09-15T12:41:04+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Rural Homestead. Image credit thezimbabwemail.com

Rural Homestead. Image credit thezimbabwemail.com ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements:Rural Settlements in Zimbabwe
  • Historic settlements were rural, as the populations were mainly dependent on hunting, fishing and gathering fruits.
  • Shelter was mostly basic and in the form of caves, tents made from animal skins, huts made out […]

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Quality of life in rural areas in Zimbabwe

By |2022-09-15T12:41:03+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A typical rural compound. Image credit techzim.co.zw

A typical rural compound. Image credit techzim.co.zw ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements:Quality of life in rural areas in Zimbabwe
  • More recently in Chiadzwa families had to be resettled as their houses were on diamond fields.
  • Several families had to be resettled and compensated when […]

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Urban Settlements

By |2022-09-15T12:41:01+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

An aerial view of Harare. Image credit Bulawayo24.com

An aerial view of Harare. Image credit Bulawayo24.com ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements: Urban Settlements

The structure of Urban settlements

  • This is the shape or form of urban areas in relation to land-use models.
  • The structure of urban settlements is also known as urban […]

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Hoyt’s Sector model (1939)

By |2022-09-15T12:41:00+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Hoyt's sector model. Image credit MediaWiki

Hoyt’s sector model. Image credit MediaWiki ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements: Hoyt’s Sector model (1939)

Assumptions

  • In making the model Hoyt made some assumptions
  • The […]

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Harris and Ullman’s Multi-nuclei model (1945)

By |2022-09-15T12:40:59+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

The Multi-nuclei model. Image credit MediaWiki

The Multi-nuclei model. Image credit MediaWiki ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements: Harris and Ullman’s Multi-nuclei model (1945)

They made their study well after the other two models had been published and thus had the benefit of hindsight and cities had since grown in size.

Findings

  • They […]

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Zimbabwe’s towns and Cities an Introduction

By |2022-09-15T12:40:59+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Bulawayo Zimbabwe's second largest city. Image credit southerneye.co.zw

Bulawayo Zimbabwe’s second largest city. Image credit southerneye.co.zw ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements: Zimbabwe’s towns and Cities an Introduction
  • An urban settlement in Zimbabwe is one whose population is more than 2 500 or more with the majority of its workers (more […]

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