January 2023

Batch Production

By |2022-09-15T12:33:50+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Production: Batch Production

  • Is a method of production where products are made in batches
  • The products are made in groups rather than individually as in job production or in a continuous stream as in flow production
  • Each batch is completed before starting the next group of products
  • For example a shoe maker can […]
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Flow Production/Line Production

By |2022-09-15T12:33:49+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Production: Flow Production/Line Production

  • This is also known as assembly line or continuous production
  • It is a method used to manufacture, produce, or process materials without interruption to produce products
  • It involves repetitive manufacturing processes in which each product passes through the same sequence of operations,
  • and the machines and other equipment are […]
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Methods of controlling quality

By |2022-09-15T12:33:48+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

  • Quality is fitness for a particular purpose
  • Quality means the produced product meets customer expectations
  • Various methods are used by businesses to achieve and maintain quality
  • These methods include:

Quality Control

  • Quality control is the process of checking quality at the end of the production line to ensure that it meets set benchmarks and standards

Quality Assurance

  • is a more comprehensive […]
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Research and Development

By |2022-09-15T12:33:47+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Production: Quality and its importance

  • Also known as R & D
  • It refers to work directed towards the innovation, introduction, and improvement of products and processes
  • It involves:
    1. Developing completely new products
    2. Creating imitation products that can compete with a rival’s products
    3. Creating prototypes and models based on marketing research data
    4. Improving existing […]
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Factors of Production

By |2022-09-15T12:43:51+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Factors of Production

  • The four factors of production act as inputs during the production process.
  • They are also generally known as resources.

To access more topics go to the Commerce Notes page.

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Production: Introduction

By |2022-09-15T12:33:50+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Production: Introduction

  • Production refers to the process and methods by which inputs i.e. raw materials or semi-finished goods are combined with other factors of production are turned into finished products or semi-finished goods products
  • During the production process the factors of production are combined to make a finished product that can […]
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Job Production

By |2022-09-15T12:33:50+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Production: Job Production

  • Production is the creation of goods and services
  • Job production is a production method when:
  • items are made individually
  • Each item is completed before the next one is started
  • Each item is unique
  • Usually the product is custom made to the customer’s specifications or requirements
  • Examples of items made […]
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