January 2023

The refugee problem

By |2022-09-15T12:37:00+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

South Sudan Nuba refugees. Image credit Huffingtonpost.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Refugees: The refugee problem

  • Between 1963-1979 nationalist movements waged a war of liberation in Zimbabwe, which caused a lot of hardships for the population
  • The intensification of the political oppression and persecution in the country forced many people to flee the […]

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Possible solutions to the refugee problem

By |2022-09-15T12:37:00+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A Sudanese refugee. Image credit aljezeera.net

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Refugees: Possible solutions to the refugee problem

  • These include both long term and short term solutions for the host countries.

Repatriation

  • This is the return of refugees to their source country when the source of danger has been removed
  • This is very expensive […]

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Introduction and importance of population studies

By |2022-09-15T12:40:46+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A child holding a clinic card. Image credit BBC

A child holding a clinic card. Image credit BBC ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Population:Introduction and importance of population studies
  • Population studies is the scientific study of human populations
  • It entails the study of:
  1. population numbers
  2. Their growth and decline
  3. deaths
  4. births
  5. […]


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Population and resources

By |2022-09-15T12:36:59+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

There is a link between population and resources. Image credit Flickr.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Population and resources:Population and resources

  • There exists a complex relationship between population, resources and the environment.
  • Population issues are central in any country’s programs that seek to eradicate poverty and diseases as well as sustain economic growth, […]

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Population census

By |2022-09-15T12:40:45+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A census official conducting a census in2012. Image credit newzimbabwe.com

A census official conducting a census in2012. Image credit newzimbabwe.com ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Population:Population census
  • A census is an official and complete enumeration (counting) of the population with details such as sex,age, occupation etc.
  • It is a specific count of […]

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Population and Land

By |2022-09-15T12:36:59+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Ploughing sandy soils. Image credit zimbabweelection.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Population and resources:Population and Land

  • Land is the most important natural resource base in a country.
  • This is especially true for a country like Zimbabwe whose economy is agro-based
  • Rapid population growth increases human demand on the land causing heavy damage to […]

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Advantages and Disadvantages of a Population Census

By |2022-09-15T12:40:45+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A census in progress. Image credit times.co.za

A census in progress. Image credit timeslive.co.za ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Population:Advantages and Disadvantages of a Population Census
  • Like most things a population census has both its merits and demirits

Advantages

  • It is the most accurate count of a country’s population on which official planning […]

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Population and health

By |2022-09-15T12:36:59+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Unsafe water is a health hazard. Image credit reuters.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Population and resources:Population and health

  • Important sources of a country’s health and quality of life are water supply and sanitation.
  • 97% of the world’s water resources is salty water mainly in the seas and oceans.
  • Of the remaining 3%, […]

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Factors affecting population distribution/density

By |2022-09-15T12:40:07+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Dubai is a thriving settlement in the midst of the desert. image credit luxatic.com

Dubai is a thriving settlement in the midst of the desert. image credit luxatic.com ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Population:Factors affecting population distribution/density

Physical/Natural factors

Climate

  • A lot of people prefer to live in areas of moderate […]

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Terms used in Population studies

By |2022-09-15T12:36:58+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Population Studies:Terms used in Population studies

  • Birth Rate (or crude birth rate) is the number of live births per 1,000 of the population in a given year. (Not to be confused with the growth rate).
  • Brain Drain is the emigration of a significant proportion of a country’s highly […]

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