January 2023

International Migrations

By |2022-09-15T12:37:02+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Zimbabweans caught attempting to cross into South Africa. Image credit photoshelter.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Migration: International Migrations

  • This is where people leave their home countries or continents and migrate to other countries.
  • Examples are whereby people migrate from Mozambique into Zimbabwe and from Zimbabwe to Botswana and South Africa.
  • People […]
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The effects of migration

By |2022-09-15T12:37:02+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Migration leads to pressure on resources in receiving areas. Image credit MediaWiki

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Migration: The effects of migration

  • The movement of people from one area to another has both positive and negative effects in both the area of origin and receiving areas.
  • These effects can be social, economic […]
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Refugees: Introduction

By |2022-09-15T12:37:01+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Sudanese refugees. Image credit CCTV Africa

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Refugees: Introduction

  • Refugee– is a person who cannot return to his/her own country because of a well-founded fear of persecution for reason of race, religion, nationality, political association or social grouping
  • A refugee is therefore a forced emigrant
  • Based on this definition, African […]
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The refugee problem

By |2022-09-15T12:37:00+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

South Sudan Nuba refugees. Image credit Huffingtonpost.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Refugees: The refugee problem

  • Between 1963-1979 nationalist movements waged a war of liberation in Zimbabwe, which caused a lot of hardships for the population
  • The intensification of the political oppression and persecution in the country forced many people to flee the […]
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Possible solutions to the refugee problem

By |2022-09-15T12:37:00+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A Sudanese refugee. Image credit aljezeera.net

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Refugees: Possible solutions to the refugee problem

  • These include both long term and short term solutions for the host countries.

Repatriation

  • This is the return of refugees to their source country when the source of danger has been removed
  • This is very expensive […]
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Introduction and importance of population studies

By |2022-09-15T12:40:46+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A child holding a clinic card. Image credit BBC A child holding a clinic card. Image credit BBC ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Population:Introduction and importance of population studies

  • Population studies is the scientific study of human populations
  • It entails the study of:
  1. population numbers
  2. Their growth and decline
  3. deaths
  4. births
  5. […]

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Population and resources

By |2022-09-15T12:36:59+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

There is a link between population and resources. Image credit Flickr.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Population and resources:Population and resources

  • There exists a complex relationship between population, resources and the environment.
  • Population issues are central in any country’s programs that seek to eradicate poverty and diseases as well as sustain economic growth, […]
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Population and Land

By |2022-09-15T12:36:59+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Ploughing sandy soils. Image credit zimbabweelection.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Population and resources:Population and Land

  • Land is the most important natural resource base in a country.
  • This is especially true for a country like Zimbabwe whose economy is agro-based
  • Rapid population growth increases human demand on the land causing heavy damage to […]
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Advantages and Disadvantages of a Population Census

By |2022-09-15T12:40:45+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A census in progress. Image credit times.co.za A census in progress. Image credit timeslive.co.za ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Population:Advantages and Disadvantages of a Population Census

  • Like most things a population census has both its merits and demirits

Advantages

  • It is the most accurate count of a country’s population on which official planning […]
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