February 2017

The Khumalo/ Ndebele Migration from Zululand

By |2022-09-15T12:36:52+02:00February 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

The Ndebele fled from Tshaka. Image credit pinterest.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State:The Khumalo/ Ndebele Migration from Zululand

  • In 1822 Mzilikazi was sent by Shaka to go on a raiding expedition
  • Mzilikazi became greedy and decided not to bring back the booty to Shaka and keep it for himself
  • […]


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People who occupied Western Zimbabwe when the Ndebele arrived

By |2022-09-15T12:36:53+02:00February 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Shona women. Image credit emaze.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State: People who occupied Western Zimbabwe when the Ndebele arrived

  • These are the tribes who occupied Zimbabwe when the Ndebele arrived:
    1. Virwa
    2. Kalanga
    3. Nyubi
    4. Tonga
    5. Venda

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.


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Groups fought by the Ndebele during their journey from Zululand

By |2022-09-15T12:36:53+02:00February 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A Ndebele Chief in Rhodesia(now Zimbabwe). Image credit MediaWiki

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State: Groups fought by the Ndebele during their journey from Zululand

  • These are the groups the Ndebele fought on their way from Zululand:
    1. Hurutshe
    2. Kora
    3. Rolong
    4. Griqua
    5. British
    6. Boers
    7. Sotho
    8. Taung

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Settlements Established by the Ndebele on their way from Zululand

By |2022-09-15T12:36:54+02:00February 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Traditional Dancers. Image credit african.one

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State: Settlements Established by the Ndebele on their way from Zululand

  • These are the names that the settlements that the Ndebele established on their way from Zululand:
    1. Ekhupumuleni
    2. Emhlahlahlandhlela
    3. Egabeni
    4. Mosega
    5. Endinaneni
    6. Enkengwini
    7. Tshweyane

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October 2015

Methods used by Mzilikazi to establish the Ndebele State

By |2022-09-15T12:41:19+02:00October 6th, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mzilikazi Khumalo King of the Ndebele. Image credit africanfederation.net

Mzilikazi Khumalo King of the Ndebele. Image credit africanfederation.net ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:The Ndebele:Methods used by Mzilikazi to establish the Ndebele State

Mzilikazi and the Ndebele used the following methods to co-opt other tribes and form the Ndebele state North of […]


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The tribes that formed (were part of) the Ndebele society

By |2022-09-15T12:41:19+02:00October 6th, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A watercolour showing Mzilikazi Khumalo King of the Ndebele. Image credit africanfederation.net

A watercolour showing Mzilikazi Khumalo King of the Ndebele. Image credit africanfederation.net ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:The Ndebele:The tribes that formed (were part of) the Ndebele society

The following tribes made up the Ndebele Society:

  • The Ndebele (the Khumalo originally […]

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Groups that fought with the Ndebele on their way to W. Zimbabwe

By |2022-09-15T12:41:20+02:00October 6th, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Drawings of Mzilikazi and Lobengula. Image credit africanfederation.net

Drawings of Mzilikazi and Lobengula. Image credit africanfederation.net ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:The Ndebele:Groups that fought with the Ndebele on their way to W. Zimbabwe

The Ndebele fought with the following groups as they made their way to Western Zimbabwe:

  • The  Zulu
  • The Kora
  • The Rolong
  • The […]

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Reasons for the fall of the Mutapa State

By |2022-09-15T12:41:25+02:00October 1st, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A stamp showing a Portoguese impression of the Mutapa Gatsi Rusere. Notice the decidely European features. Image credit stampdata.com

A stamp showing a Portuguese impression of the Mutapa Gatsi Rusere. Notice the decidedly European features. Image credit stampdata.com ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Mutapa State: Reasons for the fall of the […]

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March 2015

The Ndebele under Mzlikazi Khumalo: South of the Limpopo

By |2022-09-15T12:45:30+02:00March 6th, 2015|O Level History Notes|

Matopos the burial place of Mzilikazi Khumalo Chief of the Ndebel

Matopos the burial place of Mzilikazi Khumalo Chief of the Ndebele: Image by Vantage Magazine

Origins of the State

  • Mzilikazi was the leader of the Khumalo who were originally part of Zwide’s Ndwandwe state but had joined the Zulu state.
  • Mzilikazi broke away […]

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