January 2023

The Role of the King in the Ndebele State

By |2022-09-15T12:41:16+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A watercolour showing Mzilikazi Khumalo King of the Ndebele. Image credit africanfederation.net

A watercolour showing Mzilikazi Khumalo King of the Ndebele. Image credit africanfederation.net ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Ndebele State: The Role of the King in the Ndebele State
  • The King had several roles that he played in the political organisation […]

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The role of the amabutho in the Ndebele state

By |2022-09-15T12:41:16+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A drawing of the Zulu amabutho engaged in battle. Image credit zuluculture.com

A drawing of the Zulu amabutho engaged in battle. Image credit zuluculture.co.za ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:The Ndebele:The role of the amabutho in the Ndebele state
  • The amabutho (army) played a central role in the Ndebele state.
  • These roles included:
  • Protecting […]

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Settlements established by the Ndebele South of the Limpopo

By |2022-09-15T12:41:06+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mzilikazi Khumalo King of the Ndebele. Image credit  africanfederation.net

Mzilikazi Khumalo King of the Ndebele. Image credit africanfederation.net ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele: Settlements established by the Ndebele South of the Limpopo
  • These are the names of the settlements established by the Ndebele south of the Limpopo as they […]

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Groups fought by the Ndebele during their journey from Zululand

By |2022-09-15T12:36:53+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A Ndebele Chief in Rhodesia(now Zimbabwe). Image credit MediaWiki

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State: Groups fought by the Ndebele during their journey from Zululand

  • These are the groups the Ndebele fought on their way from Zululand:
    1. Hurutshe
    2. Kora
    3. Rolong
    4. Griqua
    5. British
    6. Boers
    7. Sotho
    8. Taung

To access more topics go […]


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People who occupied Western Zimbabwe when the Ndebele arrived

By |2022-09-15T12:36:53+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Shona women. Image credit emaze.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State: People who occupied Western Zimbabwe when the Ndebele arrived

  • These are the tribes who occupied Zimbabwe when the Ndebele arrived:
    1. Virwa
    2. Kalanga
    3. Nyubi
    4. Tonga
    5. Venda

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.


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Problems faced by the Ndebele during their journey from Zululand

By |2022-09-15T12:36:52+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Ndebele village circa 1890. Image credit wordpress.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State:Problems faced by the Ndebele during their journey from Zululand

  • These are some of the problems faced by the Ndebele/Khumalo on their way from Zululand to Western Zimbabwe:
  • Families were separated when the Ndebele were moving to Zimbabwe
  • […]


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The Economic Organization of the Ndebele State

By |2022-09-15T12:36:51+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cattle were important in the Ndebele State’s economy. Image credit heifer.org

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State:The Economic Organization of the Ndebele State

  • The main economic activity of the Ndebele state was raiding
  • Raiding was done by the army and they raided for cattle, grain and women
  • The raids were […]

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The Social Organization of the Ndebele State

By |2022-09-15T12:36:51+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Ndebele Caste system

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State:The Social Organization of the Ndebele State

  • The Ndebele state was organized in a caste system. A caste system is a system of class determined by birth meaning if you are born in a poor family you will also be poor
  • The […]

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Religious Organisation of the Ndebele State

By |2022-09-15T12:36:50+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Drawing of Ndebele army dancing. Image credit plus.google.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State:Religious Organisation of the Ndebele State

  • They believed in a supreme God whom they called Umnkulunkulu.
  • The Ndebele adopted the Rozvi Mwari called Mlimo in SiNdebele and Amadhloziformerly called masvikiro
  • In times of disaster they consulted the […]

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Political organization of the Ndebele State

By |2022-09-15T12:36:50+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Ndebele King Lobengula.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Political organization of the Ndebele State

  • The Ndebele State was a centralized and militarized state
  • This means that all the political, military, administration, judiciary and religious were in the hands of the king
  • The king was responsible for the selection of indunas and chiefs […]

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