January 2023

Classification of settlements

By |2022-09-15T12:41:05+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A typical Zimbabwean rural homestead. Image credit lawhub.co.zw

A typical Zimbabwean rural homestead. Image credit lawhub.co.zw ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements: Classification of settlements
  • Settlements are generally classified as either rural or urban.
  • Rural settlements are those settlements where mostly primary activities occur.
  • The majority of settlers in rural areas carry out […]

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Registration as a source of population information

By |2022-09-15T12:40:45+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A Zimbabwean ID document. Image credit newzimbabwe.com

A Zimbabwean ID document. Image credit newzimbabwe.com ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Population:Registration as a source of population information
  • Most governments, and the Zimbabwean government is no exception, require that its citizens register themselves with various government departments.
  • Primarily these registrations are with the office of […]

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International Migrations

By |2022-09-15T12:37:02+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Zimbabweans caught attempting to cross into South Africa. Image credit photoshelter.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Migration: International Migrations

  • This is where people leave their home countries or continents and migrate to other countries.
  • Examples are whereby people migrate from Mozambique into Zimbabwe and from Zimbabwe to Botswana and South Africa.
  • People […]

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Nomadic Pastoralism

By |2022-09-15T12:36:40+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Fulani Nomads. Image credit todayonline.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa: Subsistence farming: Nomadic Pastoralism

  • Another traditional farming system still practiced in Africa and dates back for centuries is nomadic pastoralism.
  • The people who practice nomadism are called nomads.
  • Livestock kept by the nomads in Africa include goats, sheep, donkeys, […]

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The Main Irrigation Schemes of Africa and Zimbabwe

By |2022-09-15T12:36:32+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Vaal Barrage dam in South Africa. Image credit blogspot.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa:The Main Irrigation Schemes of Africa and Zimbabwe

  • Almost every country in Africa has irrigation schemes of different sizes, most of them too small to note but the big ones are few due to the […]

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Market and Location of industries

By |2022-09-15T12:36:21+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Bread is perishable and therefore it’s industries are located close to the market.

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Types of Industrial Location:Market and Location of industries

  • Some industries are market-based not because their products are heavier than the raw materials making them, but because they are perishable.
  • Examples are opaque beer and […]

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Modern Developments in Transport: Road transport

By |2022-09-15T12:35:53+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Google’s Self-driving car. Image credit abclocal.go.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport:Modern Developments in Transport: Road transport

  • With technology advancement, increase in human population and growth in national, regional and international trade, there has been tremendous improvements in all modes of transport for good and people.
  • The main aims of these improvements […]

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Problems being faced by the Mining Industry in Zimbabwe

By |2022-09-15T12:35:32+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Abandoned mine. Image credit wenxuecity.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Problems being faced by the Mining Industry in Zimbabwe

  • Disinvestment by TNC after 1980 resulted in some mine closures and creation of ghost towns.
  • For example are Kamative and Mhangura.
  • Some mine closures are also as a result of […]

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Effects of deforestation in rural areas

By |2022-09-15T12:35:17+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Deforestation also occurs around urban areas

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Forestry:Effects of deforestation in rural areas

  • Deforestation is not limited to communal areas in Zimbabwe but also extends to commercial farming areas and even government protected woodlands.
  • People poach timber for sale in towns as firewood or to […]

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Natural Resources: Water pollution

By |2022-09-15T12:34:57+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Water: Water pollution

  • Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies for example lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater.
  • This form of environmental degradation occurs when pollutants are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds.
  • Water pollution can also be defined as the […]

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