January 2023

Irrigation Farming

By |2022-09-15T12:36:33+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Small scale irrigation. Image credit wfp.org

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa:Irrigation Farming

  • This is the artificial application of water on land in order to grow crops when prevailing climatic and weather conditions cannot sustain such crop growth.
  • This expensive farming system is carried out in order to:
    1. Increase […]

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Types of Irrigation

By |2022-09-15T12:36:32+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Sprinkler irrigation are a form of modern irrigation. Image credit financialgazette.co.zw

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa:Irrigation Farming:Types of Irrigation

  • irrigation may be divided into two groups namely:
  • traditional forms of irrigation and
  • modern ones.

Traditional forms of irrigation

  • Under traditional methods, there’s the water wheel moved by draught power […]

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Agriculture: Introduction

By |2022-09-15T12:36:54+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Agriculture is a critical part of the Zimbabwean economy. Image credit care.ca

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture: Introduction

  • Agriculture is a primary activity in which man extracts food and industrial raw materials from nature on a production unit known as a farm.
  • As a result, this industry or activity is called farming.
  • […]


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The Main Irrigation Schemes of Africa and Zimbabwe

By |2022-09-15T12:36:32+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Vaal Barrage dam in South Africa. Image credit blogspot.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa:The Main Irrigation Schemes of Africa and Zimbabwe

  • Almost every country in Africa has irrigation schemes of different sizes, most of them too small to note but the big ones are few due to the […]

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Farming types in Africa

By |2022-09-15T12:36:42+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A subsistence farmer. Image credit agricnation.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa: Introduction

  • Zimbabwe and in a larger sense Africa are endowed with such a wide diversity of environmental conditions and cultures.
  • This was enhanced as a result of it being colonized by different European countries for over a century.
  • […]


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Gezira versus Lowveld Irrigation schemes

By |2022-09-15T12:36:30+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Gezira Irrigation cotton plants. Image credit MIT

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa:Gezira  versus Lowveld Irrigation schemes

Gezira Irrigation Scheme

  • Is one of the largest irrigation schemes in the world
  • It is found int the state of   Al Jazirah in Sudan
  • It is located at the confluence of the […]

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Farming types in Africa: Subsistence farming

By |2022-09-15T12:36:41+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Subsistence Farming. Image credit wordpress.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa: Subsistence farming

  • Subsistence farmers grow traditional crops such as maize, rice, sorghum, groundnuts, rapoko, millet and cassava.
  • They keep livestock in the form of cattle, goats, mules, donkeys, pigs and some poultry.
  • This is done on a small scale […]

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Livestock Farming

By |2022-09-15T12:36:29+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Dairy Farm. Image credit abstcm.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa:Livestock Farming

  • Animal husbandry is the rearing of livestock, cattle, sheep, goats and donkeys by a farmer in order to sustain himself and his nation.
  • Commercially, for Zimbabwe and the rest of Africa with the exception of South Africa’s […]

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Farming types in Africa: Bush Fallowing

By |2022-09-15T12:36:41+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Maize Field. Image credit wordpress.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa: Subsistence farming:Bush Fallowing

  • In many respects, it is similar to shifting cultivation but differs in that instead of rotating homes, the cultivated land is rotated.
  • The once cultivated area is abandoned without any crops for about five years […]

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Commercial ranching

By |2022-09-15T12:36:29+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Brahman cattle. Image credit agcanada.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa: Commercial ranching

  • This is the large scale rearing of livestock mainly to produce meat for sale.
  • In Zimbabwe however, the ranching has of late been diversified with the farmers not just keeping cattle and sheep but also wildlife […]

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