July 2018

Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Introduction to Accounting Concepts

By |2022-09-15T12:31:34+02:00July 25th, 2018|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes Notes: Introduction to Accounting Concepts

  • In the real world various measurement standards have been devised to aid communication, comparisons, trade and the sharing of ideas
  • For example units of measurement such as grams, meters, liters etc are universally used
  • We know what a kilogram looks like
  • Before the invention of these […]

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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: General Journal transferring to new books

By |2022-09-15T12:31:24+02:00July 25th, 2018|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: General Journal transferring to new books

  • We have already looked at some of the uses of the General Journal
  • which is sometimes simply called the Journal or Journal Proper
  • We have also looked at an example where we made different types of entries into the Journal
  • Another use not illustrated […]

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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: The Accruals concept and the Materiality concept

By |2022-09-15T12:31:35+02:00July 25th, 2018|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: The Accruals concept and the Materiality concept

  • As we has already been pointed out in another topic here
  • The accounting function is governed by several concepts which form part of what are known as International Financial Reporting Standards
  • In this topic we will look at:
    1. The Accruals/Matching Concept and
    2. […]


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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: The Prudence concept and the Business entity concept

By |2022-09-15T12:31:35+02:00July 25th, 2018|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: The Prudence concept and the Business entity concept

  • In another topic you were introduced to the idea of accounting concepts
  • These are the underlying principles that govern the accounting discipline
  • In this topic we will look at the following concepts:
  • The Business Entity Concept
  • The Prudence Concept

Business Entity Concept

  • You […]

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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Money measurement concept and Historical cost concept

By |2022-09-15T12:31:35+02:00July 25th, 2018|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes:Money measurement concept and Historical cost concept

  • At the heart of the accounting discipline are two important concepts:
  • The Money measurement concept and
  • The Historical cost concept

The Money measurement concept

  • It is also known as the measurability concept
  • The concept dictates that only transactions and events that are capable of being measured […]

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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: The Going concern concept and consistency concept

By |2022-09-15T12:31:36+02:00July 25th, 2018|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: The Going concern concept and consistency concept

  • Going concern and consistency concepts are important in the accounting world

The going concern concept

  • It is one of the most fundamental concepts
  • It forms the assumption on which all accounting operations are carried out
  • According to this concept all accounting transactions must be recorded […]

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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Introduction to Prepayments and Accruals

By |2022-09-15T12:31:36+02:00July 25th, 2018|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: Introduction to Prepayments and Accruals

  • It has been stated in another topic that financial statements are prepared using the matching concept
  • The concept states that when calculating profit:
  • Revenue must be matched with expenditure incurred in generating that revenue
  • In a simple and very small business most if not all transactions […]

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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Prepayments and the Financial statements

By |2022-09-15T12:31:37+02:00July 25th, 2018|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: Prepayments and the Financial statements

  • A prepayment is when an amount is paid before it is due
  • In accounting there are two types of prepayments:
  • Prepaid expenses and
  • Prepaid income

Prepaid expenses

  • This is when the business prepays an expense
  • Examples are:
    • When a business pays rent payable in advance or
    • When […]

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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Accruals and Financial Statements

By |2022-09-15T12:31:37+02:00July 25th, 2018|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: Accruals and Financial Statements

  • Accruals are amounts owing at the end of the period when they are due
  • For this reason they are sometimes known as owings
  • There are two types of owings in busines:
    1. Owed income which is accrued income at the end of the period for example when […]

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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Introduction to Bad Debts

By |2022-09-15T12:31:42+02:00July 25th, 2018|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: Introduction to Bad Debts

  • To understand the concept of Provision for Doubtful debts first we must look at Bad Debts
  • As outlined during the discussion of the matching/accruals concept
  • Most businesses conduct business on credit in addition to cash sales
  • Typically with cash sales payment is received when the […]

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