January 2023

Principles of Accounting: Prepayments and the Financial statements

By |2022-09-15T12:33:17+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Principles of Accounts Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Principles of Accounts Notes: Prepayments and the Financial statements

  • A prepayment is when an amount is paid before it is due
  • In accounting there are two types of prepayments:
  • Prepaid expenses and
  • Prepaid income

Prepaid expenses

  • This is when the business prepays an expense
  • Examples are:
    • When a business pays rent payable in advance or
    • When it […]

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Principles of Accounting: Capital and Revenue Expenditure

By |2022-09-15T12:33:08+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Principles of Accounts Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Principles of Accounts Notes: Capital and Revenue Expenditure

  • In accounting it is paramount to separate between revenue and capital expenditure
  • Naturally all business expenditure can be classified as either revenue or capital expenditure

Capital Expenditure

  • Capital expenditure is not to be confused with the capital account or capital in general
  • Capital expenditure is when a business spends […]

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Principles of Accounting: Incomplete and Single Entry Example 1 solution

By |2022-09-15T12:32:58+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Principles of Accounts Notes|

  • This the solution to our first example question on incomplete and single entry
  • First we need to calculate the Sales figure for the year ended 30 April 20×9:

Sales Figure Calculation

  • Then we need to ascertain purchases for the year:

Purchases Figure Calculation

Income Statement for the year ended 30 April 20×9

NB This is how arrived at the Miscellaneous […]


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Principles of Accounting: Partnerships: Capital and Current Accounts

By |2022-09-15T12:32:52+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Principles of Accounts Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Principles of Accounting: Accounting for Partnerships: Capital and Current Accounts

  • Like a normal business partnerships are formed when their owners (partners) inject capital into the business
  • While the principles of recording capital are the same as those of a Sole Trader business
  • There are certain differences that need to be borne in mind
  • One of these […]

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Principles of Accounting: Example revaluation of partnership assets

By |2022-09-15T12:32:38+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Principles of Accounts Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Principles of Accounting: Accounting for Partnerships: Goodwill and Partnership businesses: Revaluation of Partnership Assets

  • As already pointed out in another post, sometimes it is necessary for a partnership to revalue its assets
  • We have already looked at the entries necessary to record these changes in value
  • Now we will look at an example of how […]

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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Partnership Financial Statements Example

By |2022-09-15T12:32:06+02:00January 24th, 2023|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: Accounting for Partnerships: Partnership Financial Statements Example

  • As already said elsewhere partnerships also prepare Financial Statements at the end of every period
  • These do not differ much from say those of a Sole Trader
  • Financial Statements of a Partnership include:
  • An Income Statement for the period ended
  • An Appropriation account […]

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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Example entries upon death or retirement of a partner

By |2022-09-15T12:32:11+02:00January 24th, 2023|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

  • We have already examined the entries required to record Goodwill in the books upon the death or retirement of one of the partners here
  • We will now look at an example to demonstrate the stages involved

Death/Retirement Example

Peter, George and Muchineripi have been in partnership for the past five years. They own a retail shop in Harare’s CBD where […]


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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Accounting for Non-Profits Example

By |2022-09-15T12:31:58+02:00January 24th, 2023|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: Accounting for non profit organisations Example

On 1 January 20X8 The Lake Chivero Angling Club had the following assets:

  • Cash at bank $200
  • Snack bar stocks $800
  • Club house buildings $12,500

During the […]


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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Introduction to Bad Debts

By |2022-09-15T12:31:42+02:00January 24th, 2023|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: Introduction to Bad Debts

  • To understand the concept of Provision for Doubtful debts first we must look at Bad Debts
  • As outlined during the discussion of the matching/accruals concept
  • Most businesses conduct business on credit in addition to cash sales
  • Typically with cash sales payment is received when the […]

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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Bank Reconciliation Statement Example

By |2022-09-15T12:31:49+02:00January 24th, 2023|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: Bank Reconciliation Statement Example

  • As discussed here preparing a bank reconciliation statement involves three steps:
    1. Obtaining the current bank statement
    2. Updating the Cash Book
    3. Preparing the Bank reconciliation statement
  • Now we will look at an example:

Draw up a bank reconciliation statement, after writing the cash book up to date, ascertaining […]


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