January 2023

Principles of Accounting: Importance of Accounting

By |2022-09-15T12:33:37+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Principles of Accounts Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Principles of Accounting Notes: Importance of Accounting

  • Accounting plays an important role within the organisation
  • Accounting is important for a number of reasons:

Importance and role of accounting

  • It allows the business to record transactions for future reference
  • Provides information about whether a business is profitable or not
  • Provides information about the liquidity of the business
  • Provides […]
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Principles of Accounting: Making entries in the Sales Ledger

By |2022-09-15T12:33:27+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Principles of Accounts Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Principles of Accounts Notes: Making entries in the Sales Ledger

  • In this example we will make entries into the Sales Ledger, Cash Book and General Ledger
  • We will be skipping the books of original entry
  • Although this is not how things are done in practice
  • Examination/Exercise question might ask you to make double entries […]
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Principles of Accounting: The Prudence concept and the Business entity concept

By |2022-09-15T12:33:19+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Principles of Accounts Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Principles of Accounts Notes: The Prudence concept and the Business entity concept

  • In another topic you were introduced to the idea of accounting concepts
  • These are the underlying principles that govern the accounting discipline
  • In this topic we will look at the following concepts:
  • The Business Entity Concept
  • The Prudence Concept

Business Entity Concept

  • You might […]
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Principles of Accounting: Disposal of Fixed Assets Example

By |2022-09-15T12:33:11+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Principles of Accounts Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Principles of Accounts Notes: Disposal of Fixed Assets Example

  • Now that we have looked at the entries required to record depreciation
  • It is time to look at a simple example:

A business whose financial year ends at 31 December purchased on 1 January 20X7 a machine for $5,000. The machine was to be depreciated by ten equal […]

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Principles of Accounting: Profitability Ratios

By |2022-09-15T12:33:02+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Principles of Accounts Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Principles of Accounts Notes: Profitability Ratios

  • So we have already introduced you to accounting ratios
  • These ratios include a group of ratios that are known as profitability ratios
  • Such ratios measure how well a business performed in profit terms in a given period
  • At this level you are required to know how to calculate three profitability […]
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Principles of Accounting: Example question Manufacturing Accounts

By |2022-09-15T12:32:53+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Principles of Accounts Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Principles of Accounting: Example question Manufacturing Accounts

Manufacturing Accounts Example Question

E Makonese is a manufacturer. His trial balance at 31 December 20X8 is as follows:

Additional information:

  1. Stocks at 31 December 20X8: […]
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Principles of Accounting: Goodwill: When a new partner is admitted

By |2022-09-15T12:32:44+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Principles of Accounts Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Principles of Accounting: Accounting for Partnerships: Goodwill and Partnership businesses: When a new partner is admitted

  • It is not uncommon for a partnership business to admit a new partner
  • This is happens for any number of reasons including:
    • To admit a partner with new skills
    • When the firm is expanding
    • To replace a partner who is […]
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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Partnership Financial Statements Example

By |2022-09-15T12:32:06+02:00January 24th, 2023|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: Accounting for Partnerships: Partnership Financial Statements Example

  • As already said elsewhere partnerships also prepare Financial Statements at the end of every period
  • These do not differ much from say those of a Sole Trader
  • Financial Statements of a Partnership include:
  • An Income Statement for the period ended
  • An Appropriation account […]
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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Partnership dissolution

By |2022-09-15T12:32:12+02:00January 24th, 2023|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: Accounting for Partnerships: Goodwill and Partnership businesses: Revaluation of Partnership Assets

  • While it is true that a new partnership is created when partners leave and join the partnership
  • The entries required to show this are actually different from the entries needed when a partnership does actual dissolve
  • From an accounting point […]
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Cambrige Notes: Principles of Accounting: Example to Departmental Accounting Solution

By |2022-09-15T12:32:00+02:00January 24th, 2023|Cambridge O Level/ IGSCE Accounts Notes, Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting(0452)/O Level Principles of Accounts(7110) Notes: Introduction to Departmental Accounts Example

OK Mart Hillside

Income Statement for the year ended 31 March 20×5

NB We are not asked to prepare the combined accounts but this should be straightforward enough. Please see […]

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