January 2023

Farming as a system

By |2022-09-15T12:36:46+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A farm/family plot can be viewed as a system. Image credit mg.co.za

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming as a system

  • A farm is a tract of land on which crops and often livestock are raised for livelihood
  • A farm can be viewed as a system
  • A system is a set of interacting […]

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Livestock Farming

By |2022-09-15T12:36:29+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Dairy Farm. Image credit abstcm.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa:Livestock Farming

  • Animal husbandry is the rearing of livestock, cattle, sheep, goats and donkeys by a farmer in order to sustain himself and his nation.
  • Commercially, for Zimbabwe and the rest of Africa with the exception of South Africa’s […]

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Farm Inputs: Sunshine,Temperature and Rainfall

By |2022-09-15T12:36:46+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Crops require good sunshine and a certain temperature in order to grow. Image credit mg.co.za

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming as a system:Farm Inputs: Sunshine and Temperature

Sunshine

  • It refers to cloud free days experienced in an area.
  • The number of days with sunshine decreases as latitude increases towards the poles.
  • Sunshine is […]

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Commercial ranching

By |2022-09-15T12:36:29+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Brahman cattle. Image credit agcanada.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa: Commercial ranching

  • This is the large scale rearing of livestock mainly to produce meat for sale.
  • In Zimbabwe however, the ranching has of late been diversified with the farmers not just keeping cattle and sheep but also wildlife […]

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Agriculture: Introduction

By |2022-09-15T12:36:54+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Agriculture is a critical part of the Zimbabwean economy. Image credit care.ca

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture: Introduction

  • Agriculture is a primary activity in which man extracts food and industrial raw materials from nature on a production unit known as a farm.
  • As a result, this industry or activity is called farming.
  • […]


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Farm Inputs: Land size, Soil and Slope

By |2022-09-15T12:36:45+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Crops require the right soil. Image credit voanewsamerica.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farm Inputs: Land size, Soil and Slope

Land size

  • Size of the land is significant in farming because where land is short and farming land is small, traditional farmers have to practice intensive subsistence farming.
  • Subsistence farming is the growing of […]

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Cattle Ranching as a system

By |2022-09-15T12:36:30+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Grazing Cattle. Image credit blogspot.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa:Cattle Ranching as a system

We are aware that some of the information in this topic is dated but we have included it because examiners still keep examining on it.

  • Cattle ranching , like any other farming activity, is […]

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Farm Inputs: Land Ownership

By |2022-09-15T12:36:45+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A communal farmer. Image credit mg.co.za

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farm Inputs: Land Ownership

Land ownership or tenure

  • This mainly results from socio-economic and political as well as historical factors that prevail in an area.
  • The tenant or leasehold system of land tenure in one where a landlord leases or rents land to […]

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Human Farm Inputs: Labour and Capital

By |2022-09-15T12:36:45+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Capital and Labour are important on farms. Image credit buzzsouthafrica.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farm Inputs:Farm Inputs: Labour and Capital

  • These fall under Human Inputs

Labour

  • This refers to the number of people involved in a production system, their skills or technical know-how as well as their production objectives.
  • In traditional farming systems, […]

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Commercial farming in Zimbabwe

By |2022-09-15T12:36:28+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Commercial Farm in Zimbabwe.

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa: Commercial farming in Zimbabwe

Inputs

  • Land– ranges from 500 to 100 000 ha.
  • Rainfall– water for irrigation comes from rivers, dams, lakes or aquifers.
  • Capital– comes from banks or other farmers.
  • Labour– this comes from the farmers himself, skilled and […]

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