• We have already mentioned the fact that there is primary and secondary research
  • Primary research is the collection of original data that is specific to the research objectives of a particular study.
  • Here are some common methods used to collect data during primary research:
  1. Surveys: Surveys involve collecting data from respondents through questionnaires. Surveys can be conducted online, through the mail, or in person. For example, a company might conduct a survey to determine customer satisfaction with its products.
  2. Interviews: Interviews involve one-on-one conversations between a researcher and a respondent. Interviews can be conducted in person, over the phone, or through video conferencing. For example, a researcher might conduct interviews with customers to understand their needs and preferences.
  3. Focus groups: Focus groups are group discussions where participants are asked to share their opinions and experiences about a particular topic. For example, a company might conduct a focus group to get feedback on a new product.
  4. Observations: Observations involve observing and recording behaviour in a natural setting. For example, a researcher might observe how customers interact with a product in a store.
  5. Experiments: Experiments involve manipulating variables to determine their effect on a particular outcome. For example, a company might conduct an experiment to determine which advertising message is most effective in driving sales.
  6. Case studies: Case studies involve an in-depth analysis of a particular case or situation. For example, a company might conduct a case study of a successful marketing campaign to identify best practices.
  • These methods can be used individually or in combination depending on the research objectives and the nature of the research.
  • It is important to carefully choose the appropriate method or combination of methods to ensure the data collected is reliable and valid.

Regenerate response

Business Studies

Discover more comprehensive and exam-focused ZIMSEC Advanced Level Business Studies Notes.

Get more notes