ZANLA Fighters at a community meeting

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: ZANU Military Tactics

  • Recruitment into the ZANU army became almost automatic
  • After political education, most young men and women voluntarily joined the guerillas (Vakomana neVasikana)
  • Pungwes increased and intensified and were attended by young boys (mujiba) and young girls (chimbwido)
  • The Mujibas were responsible for spying for information on the Rhodesian Security Forces and the chimbwidos were responsible for feeding the guerillas
  • A radio programme called The Voice of Zimbabwe which aired on Radio Mozambique at 8 pm everyday was also used to disseminate ZANU propaganda
  • Another propaganda tool for ZANU was The Zimbabwe News which was an official organ of ZANU
  • A combination of these methods increased refugees in camps who wanted to join the ZANLA forces from 35 000 in 1977 to 150 000 at the end of the war
  • The living conditions in these military camps were not good as they had no medical facilities and no formal schools
  • The enemy would sometimes infiltrate camps with poison and many inhabitants would be killed in the process

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.


Quick NetOne, Telecel, Africom, And Econet Airtime Recharge

If anything goes wrong, chat with us using the chat feature at the bottom right of this screen