January 2023

Uses of Herzberg’s Theory

By |2022-09-15T12:37:42+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Tobacco graders working in a group. Image credit flickr.com

Tobacco graders working in a group. Image credit flickr.com ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Uses of Herzberg’s Theory
  • The theory led/has led to the standardisation of:
  • working conditions e.g working hours which have become more fixed
  • These working conditions have also […]

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Organisational Charts

By |2022-09-15T12:37:33+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A simple organisational chart.

A simple organisational chart.

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Organisational Charts

  • It is a diagram that shows the organisation structure of a given organisation
  • It is also defined as a pictorial depiction of an organisation’s structure
  • An organisation’s structure is also known as it’s internal structure
  • […]


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Trade Unions and Businesses: Introduction

By |2022-09-15T12:34:10+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Managing Human Resources: Trade Unions and Businesses: Introduction

  • these are organisations of employees who have come together for a common purpose
  • trade unions are formed by employees with a shared interest
  • The main function of trade unions is collective bargaining on behalf of employees
  • Collective bargaining refers to the process of negotiation between employers(management)
  • and […]

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On the job training methods

By |2022-09-15T12:34:03+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Managing Human Resources: Human Resources Management: On the job training methods

  • this is when instruction and training is provided during the work itself
  • There are a number of on the job training methods:
  • Demonstration-a practical exhibition and explanation of how something works or is performed
  • Coaching-involves focusing on the individual trainee’s needs, observing […]

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Promotion:Introduction

By |2022-09-15T12:33:56+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Marketing: Promotion

  • Organizations come up with promotional strategies to communicate with customers or clients
  • Promotional strategy- the choice of a target market and formulation of the most appropriate promotion mix to influence it.
  • Promotion refers to the organisational function concerned with the advancement of a product, idea, or point of view through publicity […]

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Factors to consider when choosing a distribution channel

By |2022-09-15T12:33:51+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Marketing: Factors to consider when choosing a distribution channel

  • As pointed out elsewhere business have to choose from a number of distribution channels
  • In instance the business has to consider several factors when deciding on the most appropriate channel to use
  • These factors include:

The nature of the product

  • for example industrial products are […]

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Business Studies: Ratio Analysis: Introduction

By |2022-09-15T12:33:45+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Business Finance and Accounting: Ratio Analysis: Introduction

  • Businesses record financial transactions as part of the finance and accounting function
  • This financial information is presented in the form of financial statements also known as final accounts at the end of each year/trading period
  • This information is used by various stakeholders of the business to make […]

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Business Studies: Cost Benefit Analysis

By |2022-09-15T12:33:38+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Aiding and Influencing the Business: Cost Benefit Analysis

  • The major objectives of businesses is to provide services profitably and to survive
  • Traditionally profit has been the overriding goal of the owners of the business
  • But often the activities of businesses have an impact on the environment
  • Environment refers to the natural world around […]

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McGregor’s Theory of X and Y

By |2022-09-15T12:37:41+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A theory Y worker is self-driven. Image credit bloomberg.com

A theory Y worker is self-driven. Image credit bloomberg.com ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: McGregor’s Theory of X and Y
  • According to McGregor managers have two distinct general assumptions  about their employees
  • Each assumption comes with its own sets of assumptions […]

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Power,Authority, Responsibility and span of control

By |2022-09-15T12:37:32+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Business Studies Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mugabe and military officers. image credit insiderzim.com

Mugabe and military officers. image credit insiderzim.com

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Organisational Charts

  • These are concepts that are related with how business organisations operate and are organised
  • Power- is the ability or capacity to influence others
  • For example charismatic leaders like Adolf […]

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