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ZIMSEC O Level Combined Science Notes: Female Reproductive system

  • The diagram below shows the reproductive system of a female
Female reproductive system

Female reproductive system

  • Ovaries-there are two ovaries
    • Their function is to produce and release ova (plural of ovum) during ovulation
    • Ovaries also secrete the hormones oestrogen and progesterone
    • these control the development of the ova and the thickening of the uterus lining
  • Oviduct/Fallopian┬átube-is for the passage of ova from the ovaries to the uterus.
  • Fertilisation takes place in the fallopian tubes
  • Uterus/womb-is a muscular chamber where the foetus/embryo develops
  • Cervix-is a ring of muscles at the neck of the uterus, which closes during pregnancy
  • and dilates during birth
  • Vagina-for the passage of sperms into the uterus and is also the birth canal
  • Fertilisation-it refers to the fusion of the male and female gametes (sex cells) nuclei to form a zygote
  • It takes place in the oviduct/fallopian tube

To access more topics go to the Combined Science Notes page

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